repair and apartment furnish
apartment repair apartment repair by the hands apartment repair - the main page apartment repair by own strength independent repair of apartment repair of the apartment

the Covering of external walls of old buildings (a part 3)

Brick facing stack on a difficult solution 1:2:9, i.e. One part of the cement, two parts of the limy test and nine parts of sand. At packing facing is attached to a wall by means of 15-centimetric nails which heads are closed up in seams. Between a wall and facing the air space in width 3-4 is left see Brick facing it is possible to lay under rasshivku or to plaster. About window boxes facing fastens to a wall nails after each number of bricks (fig. 44, d and. The brick covering gives to a wooden building a kind brick and raises its fire resistance. Besides, such covering is more effective against blowing off of premises by a wind.

a Fig. 44. A covering round windows various materials.

a Fig. 44. A covering round windows various materials.

The Socle sawn-off shotgun or a socle step becomes with a socle board or without it. The board should be stroganoj, by thickness of 4 sm and width to 18 sm and to be established at an angle 30 ° (fig. 40 and 41). One edge of a board is beaten to the bottom log of a wall, and another is issued on 4-5 sm for socle edge. The socle board is intended for tap of the rain water which are flowing down on a covering. Besides, it forms transition from a covering to a socle. .

The Socle board it is necessary to establish right after wall erections. In the absence of a board or its wrong installation rain and thawed snow gets between a socle and logs of walls and in a short space of time causes wood rotting. It is necessary to replace rotted through or incorrectly established socle board at once. In order to avoid rotting of a socle board, it is desirable to cover it with the zinced tin not only on corners (fig. 40, but also on all length. Under a socle board on the base it is desirable to put a moss or a tow, however, it is possible and not to put. In no event it is impossible to fill the specified space with a solution as it can cause rotting of the bottom log.

The Covering without a socle board is shown on fig. 40, e and 42, d. Here the covering supports a socle on 3-4 sm and a covering bottom edge blocks socle edge on 4-5 Such blocking covering see protects the bottom number of logs from external dampness much more effectively, than a covering with a socle board. .

Window adjunctions are sheathed as follows. From two parties of a window box platbands, and from above and from below - otlivnye boards for a water drain (fig. 41, 42 and 44) fasten. Appointment of platbands in covering a box and covering adjunction. In case of thicker covering it is necessary to beat on an outer side of a window box brusok such thickness that it covered on width the face party fibrolitovoj plates and supported it for a thickness of a plaster coat (fig. 44. The platband blocks in this case an adjunction bruska with a covering. .

The Covering of window adjunctions begin with pribivanija top and bottom otlivnyh boards for a water drain (fig. 41 and 42) which cover with the zinced tin. Tin upper edges are beaten to lateral aspect of a window box by short nails for a tin. That in junctions of a tin and a window box water did not filter, the box edge becomes covered by a thin layer of putty.

The Special attention needs to be turned on correct and dense installation of an external window sill. If it is established incorrectly, rain water gets between a wall and a covering, and becomes the reason of fast rotting of a wall under a window frame. .

Fire-prevention actions . At burning of wooden buildings with a covering fire most quickly extends on all building through space between a wall and a covering. To prevent fast distribution of fire, follows during a covering of walls between a wall and a covering through each 1,0-1,5 metres to beat the so-called fire-prevention laths which thickness should be same, as well as a thickness of a lining board of a covering. In case of a vertical arrangement of lining boards fire-prevention laths settle down horizontally, and at a horizontal arrangement - vertically (fig. 43. .

At a brick covering fire-prevention laths it is necessary to have as horizontally, and vertically (fig. 43.

The covering Upper edge is possible to a covering skosa roofs, and in the absence of it is directly to a roof.

< the previous page