Appointment of paints and their basic properties are specified on labels of container and in engineering specifications. Marks consist of letters and figures. For oil, soil paints, enamels and shpaklevok 5 groups of designations, for varnishes of 4 groups are used. .
The First group designates a kind of a material of a paint words (a paint enamel, etc.). The exception is made by such oil paints (MA) which dye consists of one pigment. On container instead of a word "ъЁрёър" the pigment name ("ю§Ёр" is written; "схышыр чшэъют№х" etc.). Between the first and second groups of a designation the additional index is established: for vodoemulsionnyh it is short - E, for powder - P, for water-soluble - V
In the second group of a designation the index of binding substance of colourful materials, which in accordance with GOST the following is resulted: the EXPERT - alkidno-akrilovye; AU - alkidno-uretanovye; ATS - acetyl-cellulose; AB - atsetobutirattselljuloznye; VT - bitumen; VTS - vinilatsetatnye; GF - gliftalevye; KF - kanifolnye; KCH - rubber; KP - kopalovye; TO - kremnijorganicheskie; KT - ksiftalevye; MS - oil - and alkidnostirolnye; MA - oil; ML - melaminovye; MCH - mochevinnye; NTS - nitrocellulose; PF - pentaftalevye; HV - perhlorvinilovye; AK - poliakrilovye; the HELL - polyamide; VA - polivinilatsetatnye; VL. polivinilatsetalnye; ID - polyamide; Ur - poliuretanovye; PE, PL - polyester; HS - sopolimerno-vinilhloridnye; VS - sopolimerno-vinilatsetatnye; KS - sopolimerno-karbamidnye; FA - fenolo-alkidnye; FL - phenolic; FP - ftoroplastovye; FR - furilovye; HP - chlorinated polyethylene; TST - tsiklogeksanovye; SHL - shellachnye; EP - epoksidnye; EF - epoksiefirnye; ETS - etiltselljuloznye; ET - etriftalevye; JAN - amber; NP - petropolymeric. .
The Third group defines the basic scope of a material: first coats and oil pastes, shpaklevochnye putties 00, weatherproof 1, for internal works 2, waterproof 4, special 5, malobenzostojkie 6, chemically proof 7, heat-resistant 8, elektroizoljatsionnye 9.
Thus a sign on a designation of pastelike oil paints "0" have between the second and third groups.
The Fourth group - digital (consists of 1-3 figures) and directly follows number of the third group; generally it designates a material serial number. .
For oil paints instead of a serial number in the fourth group of signs the figure designating the name of drying oil on which the paint is made is put: 1 - drying oil natural, 2 - oksol, 3 - drying oil gliftalevaja, 4 - drying oil pentaftalevaja, 5 - drying oil combined.
It is supposed to add after a serial number an alphabetic index (1-2 capital letters), characterising some features of a material. For example: gs - hot drying, hs - cold drying, m - matte, pm - semimatte etc. .
The Fifth group of signs on a code defines colour of a material and is designated by a full word; sometimes features of a shade of a paint. Mark additional number (blue-2; yellow-4 etc.).
Examples of a designation of paint and varnish materials: Varnish БТ-783, where a varnish - a material kind, BT - its binding (a bitumen varnish), 7 - a scope (zharoustojchiv), 83 - a serial number. Enamel ХВ-113 blue, where enamel - a material kind, HV - its binding (perhlorvinil), 1 - a scope (for external works), 13 - a serial number, blue - colour. .
Paint МА-025 green, where MA - a paint oil, 0 - gustotertaja, 2 - for internal works, 5 - the drying oil name (smeshanaja), green - colour. Soil ГФ-020 red-brown, where GF - gliftalevaja, 0 - a first coat, 20 - a serial number, red-brown - colour of a first coat. Paint Э-ВА-27А white - a paint vodoemulsionnaja, polivinilatsetatnaja, for internal works.