For reception of high-quality furnish of a floor, it is necessary for preparing well under colouring. First, the floor needs to be washed up soap water. Especially carefully it is necessary to wash the floors rubbed with wax as the wax layer interferes with paint drying. Wax perfectly leaves warm soda water (in 7-8 litres of warm water to dissolve a tea glass of linen soda). .
The Old exfoliating paint is scratched out shpatelem, then all loosened boards are beaten. The heads of nails acting on a surface, are driven in into a floor on depth of 3-4 mm. The floor worn out by acting knots it is necessary ostrogat.
From cracks between boards the old paint, putty, sand and dust and cracks ogruntovyvajutsja oksolem or drying oil leave. Warm oksolem or drying oil ogruntovyvajutsja also places from which the old paint was erased and it is scratched out. .
After first coat drying wider cracks are filled with a cord or a tow carefully impregnated with 15%-s' structure of glutinous water or oksolem. Both it is necessary to hammer in a cord, and a tow into cracks densely. In a floor it is possible to apply to filling of cracks also opilochnuju the putty received at mixing oil shpaklevki and sifted dry sawdust (volume parities 1:1). In the presence of the big cracks it is possible to apply and the following recipe: 5 weight parts of sawdust, 5 - cement, 14 - waters and 2 weight parts of joiner's glue. In cracks in width more than 6 mm putty will not keep. Such floor is necessary for lifting, and again densely to beat boards.
Small cracks are covered ordinary shpaklevochnoj with a mix, and in dry premises is applied glutinous shpaklevka, and in crude - semioil. .
Simple oil, more truly semioil shpaklevku it is possible to prepare on the basis of glutinous, i.e. In 5 litres of water 0,5-0,75 kg of joiner's glue are dissolved and to the received glutinous solution 1-1,5 kg oksolja or drying oils are added. For simplification of drawing on a floor shpaklevki it is desirable to add 1 more litre of soap water (it is dissolved nearby 100-150 g soaps) to the received mix. Then the ground chalk before reception shpaklevki dense smetanoobraznoj viscosity is added.
At preparation stronger oil shpaklevki to 4 kg oksolja 1 litre of soap water (100-150 g the dissolved soap) and 2 litres 20%-s' glutinous solutions is added 100 g turpentine. To the received mix add a ground chalk to smetanoobraznoj consistences.
As the floor, oshpaklevannyj glutinous shpaklevkoj, gives in to polishing is easier, in premises it is expedient to apply glutinous shpaklevku. In premises to which on a floor water often gets, for example, in kitchen, a lavatory and a lobby, it is desirable to apply semioil shpaklevku.
Shpaklevka is put on a floor wide shpatelem. At the first shpaklevanii shpaklevkoj cracks between boards are filled and levelled. In this case shpatel moves perpendicularly to boards.
After drying of the first layer shpaklevki and grindings of larger roughnesses the first is spent continuous shpaklevanie, i.e. The floor becomes covered by a continuous thin layer shpaklevki. At continuous shpaklevanii it is necessary to apply To reception of a smooth and equal surface whenever possible wide shpatel which can be made of a steel plate or an old saw. For this purpose from a saw the piece in length of 30-40 sm which is fixed between two rejkami or plates is cut off. Such shpatel gives a direct and equal surface at high efficiency of work. For shpaklevanija a floor it is possible to apply also wooden (plywood) shpateli in the width 15-20 see .
At continuous shpaklevanii shpatel that moves at a small angle to boards in one, in other direction, and the general direction shpaklevanija along boards. Movement shpatelja at shpaklevanii forms so-called. "хыюёъѕ". Larger roughnesses which have remained after first continuous shpaklevanija, are smoothed down after full drying shpaklevki and a floor oshpaklevyvaetsja again.
For polishing of roughnesses it is desirable to use pieces of a soft brick, the tile or tile loose leaf. Last polishing spend the skin which has been reeled up round a piece of wood. A dust formed at polishing, it is necessary to sweep carefully before floor colouring with a dry-brush or a brush.
After polishing and clearing of a dust the floor is grounded warm oksolem or drying oil. After definitive drying of a first coat (in 2-3 days) it is possible to start floor colouring.
Usually the oil paints which are let out in a ready kind specially for floors are applied to a floor covering. .
Begin colouring of floors with plinths. In order to avoid paint hit on a wall it is necessary to apply a small brush.
At colouring of plinths oil can filter into wall-paper. Therefore the strip of wall-paper adjoining to a plinth, of 1 sm preliminary is recommended for the width to wet soap water.
Floors are painted usually two times. At colouring the brush in diameter of 4-5 sm or the platen is applied. At the first covering the paint can be slightly more dense, and at the second - more liquid. It is possible to put the second paint coat only after definitive drying of the first, otherwise the paint can not dry up at all.