Care of brushes . In breaks between brush colouring put in ware with pure water. After colouring of a brush for oil paints are washed out by turpentine or kerosene. At long storage of brushes in kerosene of their hair becomes fragile. At application of nitropaints of a brush wash out in nitrosolvent. Brushes and maklovitsy, polluted by glutinous and limy paints, wash out pure warm water. .
a Fig. 2. The painting platen
the Painting platen . For colouring of walls, floors, ceilings and other big surfaces, oil-enamel and others not water, and also lateksnymi paints the most suitable tool the painting platen (fig. 2) is oil. In comparison with colouring by a brush labour productivity at platen application increases in 3-4 times at high quality of work. .
The Working part of the painting platen is the wooden or metal cylinder in length of 15 20 sm and diameter 5 sm, covered with the sheep skin or tsygejkoj, a fleecy fabric (plush), a rubber sponge, foam rubber (fig. 4, etc. The sheep skin or tsygejku 10-12 mm are necessary obstrich to height (a thickness). The cylinder rotates round an axis or together with an axis. .
On sale there are the platens covered with foam rubber. It is possible to cover the platen with a piece of the sheep skin. In this case from dublenoj preliminary soaked skin the piece in the size 220X157 mm (is cut off at length of the platen of 220 mm and diameter of 50 mm), is sewed on long edge so that hair remained outside. The received cylinder is put on the wooden or aluminium platen. Hair obstrigaetsja till the length of 10-12 mm.
The Platen is fixed in an adjustable plug (fig. 2, and and or in the console (fig. 2,). In vilochnom the platen the axis rotates together with the platen, in console - the platen rotates round a 8-millimetric axis which passes in the handle. .
In modern painting platens vilochnogo type the width of a plug is regulated. By means of the lock which is on the handle, it is possible to establish width of a plug from 20 sm (fig. 2, to 15 sm (fig. 2,).
It is possible to paint with the Console platen and premise corners. However the design vilochnogo is easier and more reliable than the platen. At using vilochnym the platen it is necessary to paint corners with a brush.
a Fig. 3. Adaptations for a paint set on the platen:
And - a tray with a wire grid, - a bucket with a plywood board, in - a bucket with a wire grid, g - a wire grid.
At application of the platen for a paint the bucket or protiven (fig. 3, in which the metal lattice or a grid (fig. 3,), acting of a paint is established is used. Diameter of apertures of a lattice about 15 mm. Apertures can be round or square. At colouring the platen falls to a paint and prokatyvaetsja 2-3 times on a lattice (fig. 4,). Thus the platen is coated in regular intervals, being released from its surpluses which are flowing down through a lattice in protiven or a bucket. At colouring of walls (fig. 4,) the paint is put on a surface in zigzag fashion on platen movement from top to down and from below upwards. After colouring of a surface in width of 1-1,5 m process it again moist platen, moving it from left to right and from right to left, and then again from top to down that provides uniform grinding of a paint on a surface.
a Fig. 4. Colouring by the painting platen with the long handle:
and - a set of a paint from a tray, - wall colouring
Ceilings are painted similarly to walls. The surface painted by the platen has fine-grained structure and is similar on otortsovannuju.
Before colouring by the platen it is necessary all places where the platen not to reach (internal corners of a premise etc.) to coat by means of a brush. Good results are given by platen application at colouring by oil paints of the big surfaces. The platen can use also at drawing of glutinous paints on well prepared surface. In that case the thickness of a scalp of the platen should make 15-20 mm. .
Care of the platen . Before work the platen is moistened with water. After colouring by oil paints the platen, lattices and protivni are washed out by gasoline or kerosene. After proskating rinks on a lattice the cleared platen is established for the night in water. After application of glutinous paints the platen rinse in warm water. The limy paint corrodes platen fur.
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