Brushes, brushes and shpateli . On painting works as the necessary tool the brush-bench hammer (fig. 1, and and 1,) is. At colouring of windows and doors an oil paint it is desirable to apply brushes in diameter of 2-3 sm, at colouring of walls - to 4 see Before use of a new brush it is necessary to establish a stopper in the middle of a brush and to tie a brush with a twine to half of length of hair of a brush. .
For ceiling whitewashing by glutinous and limy paints, and also for namazyvany paste on wall-paper the brush - maklovitsa (fig. 1 is applied basically.
At absence maklovitsy it is possible to use for the same purposes mahovoj a brush (fig. 1. As maklovitsy, and brushes mahovye are made of a pork bristle, a horsehair or kapron. At colouring by glutinous and limy paints (especially at ceiling whitewashing) it is expedient to apply brushes or maklovitsy from a pork bristle as brushes from a horsehair and a kapron thread do not hold a paint. At their application the paint part drips on a floor. .
For smoothing down of a fresh layer of an oil paint, and also for colouring of small surfaces oil, oil-enamel or nitropaints brushes-flejtsy (fig. 1, 9) are applied. .
For vytjagivanija panels are applied filenochnye brushes which for oil paints become flat (length of hair to 1 sm), and to glutinous paints - round (length of hair to 4 sm).
For shpaklevki surfaces 6-10 sm (fig. 1, which can be made of an old saw are necessary steel shpateli in the width. The edge shpatelja should be thin, rectilinear and smooth. On sale are available shpateli in the width to 16 sm (fig. 1,). Widest of them is expedient for applying for shpaklevanija floors, walls, etc. the big surfaces. In the absence of steel shpatelej they can be made of a thin plate and plywood. For example, at shpaklevanii a floor it is expedient to use shpatelem in the width to 20 sm from plywood. .
a Fig. 1. The tools applied at painting works:
And, - usual brushes, in - mahovaja a brush, g - a painting brush, d - a flat brush, e - usual shpatel, - wide shpatel, z - a brush-tortsovka.
Brushes-tortsovki are applied To furnish by oil paints of rough surfaces (tortsovka) (fig. 1. The knife is necessary For expansion (opening) cracks in plaster to their putty. Any knife with the sharp end can be for this purpose used. .
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